Development of Various Styles
As settlers throughout America gained affluence, they developed a wide variety of housing styles, including the Georgian, Federal, Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, and Victorian styles. The late 19th century saw the emergence of styles such as the Stick and Shingle styles that announced the coming of a new age.
Entrance Canopies and Windows
As time passed from the initial period of settlement, more houses were consciously designed in accordance with particular architectural styles. The canopies and windows around entrances were utilized as a means for expressing the different styles.
Dramatic Entrance Approaches
The second- and third-generation settlers, and others who found success, were able to build more lavish houses, and houses designed in European architectural styles came to be seen as symbols of the American Dream. The dramatic entrance approaches, in which people arriving by carriage ascend the stairs to the doors beyond the colonnade, bring to mind scenes from the film Gone with the Wind.
Houses often have balconies or accessible roofs for looking out to the surroundings. In the days before telephones and wireless technology, it was important for people to be able to quickly take notice of ships entering the harbor and dust trails of carriages. The viewing platforms can be considered remnants of that time.
Views from Tower Windows
Residents used towers to watch over their fields and also to show off their farmland to guests.
The octagonal plan trended in the latter half of the 19th century because it was believed to make healthy homes for its ability to be well lit. It was seen as a symbol of the American Dream together with the flamboyant ornamentation of the Romantic Revival style, but the trend was short-lived.
Italianate Style Verandas
Stick Style and Shingle Style
The late 19th century saw the emergence of several design styles of wooden architecture. Stick-style buildings have decorative stickwork separate from the structural components, and Shingle-style buildings have shingled surfaces that cover the framing.
Some birdhouses are shaped as houses, and some are essentially like models of the actual house. The windows of the miniature houses are just the right size for small birds to enter.
Architect. Born 1944 in Ichinomiya, Aichi, Japan. Graduated from the Department of Architecture of the Tokyo Institute of Technology in 1969. Has held positions as a teaching associate at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, specialist of the Overseas Technical Cooperation Agency of Japan (dispatched to the Syrian Ministry of Rural and Municipal Affairs), research associate at the University of Queensland, visiting assistant professor at the University of Oklahoma, research fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and professor at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. Currently a professor at the Kyoto Womenʼs University.